With Outdoor Electrical Lighting The Future Of Exterior Lighting Is Now

Outdoor Lighting Buying Guide

There is no better way of giving your backyard a glamorous look than choosing the perfect outdoor lights. it’s something that becomes critical once you have the task of equipping your house.

To make your backyard look even more exquisite, you can mix various lighting styles don’t limit yourself; there are many options to choose from. The best outdoor light is the one that perfectly meets your taste and preferences.

It has never been easy deciding what outdoor light best suits your needs. You may be caught up bet between the efficiency of the lamp versus its purchase and installation costs. Typically, it is challenging to decide on a specific item when you have a variety of options to choose from. That’s why this article will give you tips on different types of outdoor lights so that you can have an easy time when you want to buy them.

LED Garden Lights

There are many different types of LED garden lights, such as LED ground spots and LED garden spikes. The LED garden lights not only beautify your garden but also enhance accessibility, nighttime safety, and aesthetics. The features of these outdoor lights make them appropriate for outdoor use. LED garden lights utilize both electric and solar energy. Since they can light under low voltage, solar energy can be used, thus minimising electrical costs. These outdoor lights can be designed with sensors in that when the sun dawns; they are activated.


Floodlights are the most famous outdoor lights. Majorly, floodlights are used for lighting more comprehensive coverage. Some examples of the floodlights include town street lights. These outdoor lights are mostly preferred because of their ability to light a more significant area such as factory squares, stadiums, or cities. Outdoor floodlights are made in a particular way to withstand high winds, storm, rains low and high temperatures. Other simple floodlight types are designed for regular outdoor usage where fixtures are designed with less durable casings that can withstand harsh weather conditions such as snow. Floodlights utilize LED bulbs, Halogens, or CLF.

How to Install Outdoor Lighting

Outdoor lighting is an easy way to add ambience and security to your yard and patio. You can even install these lights yourself! Read our guide to learn how to install outdoor lighting.

Low-Voltage Landscape Lighting Requirements

Low-voltage landscape lighting requires the use of a transformer, which is plugged into an outdoor electrical outlet. Transformers take the household voltage of 120-volts and reduces it to 12 volts, making it compatible and safe for landscape lighting.

Power Types

Hardwired fixtures require more installation and wiring. We recommend working with an electrician if you will be running power lines through your home’s walls, using line voltage for landscape lighting, or installing lights where there previously weren’t any. This may include new post lighting and any wall-mounted, hanging, or flush-mount lights.

How to Install Landscape Lighting


Step 1: Assemble Lights

Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to properly assemble the lights. We also suggest exposing the solar lights to the sun for a day before installing them, so you can see if any lights aren’t working properly.

Step 2: Determine Layout

Once they have been exposed to sunlight, lay the lights down on the grass where you would like them to be installed. Place lights about 6″ away from the pathway and at least a foot away from each other.

Step 3: Install the Stake

Pour some water on the area where you plan on installing the stake. This will soften the ground so the stake doesn’t bend or break during installation. Push the stakes into the grass and attach the lights to them – usually by clicking or twisting them into place.

Low-Voltage Lighting

What You Will Need

Tape measure





Landscape lighting wire

Waterproof wire connectors

Wire strippers

Wire cutters

Electrical tape

Step 1: Measure Length of Area

To ensure you have the right amount of landscape lighting wire, measure from the transformer to where you want your landscape lighting to stop. Make sure you choose a wire that can handle the wattage of your transformer.

Step 2: Turn Off Power

At the circuit breaker, turn off the power to the area where you will be working. Make sure to test that the power is off before continuing.

Step 3: Mount the Transformer

The transformer should be mounted next to the GFCI outlet on the exterior of your home. Make sure it is at least 12″ above the ground. You may need to drill a hole to attach it to the side of your house. Use the manufacturer’s directions to properly wire your transformer.

Step 4: Lay the Cable

Lay the cable down where your lights will be placed. Make sure the cable lies at least 6″ away from the pathway. Use the light’s stakes to mark where you want the lights to be placed along the cable.

Step 5: Connect the Lights

Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to connect the lights to the cable. You may need to cut the cable (at the location of where the light will be), strip off a few inches of the cable covering, and twist the cable and light’s wires together. Cap it with a waterproof wire connector then wrap the connectors in electrical tape. Each light will have two cables (one that leads to the light and one that leads away from the light) that need to be connected and topped with wire caps to allow the electricity to continue flowing to the next light. If your lights come with two connectors, you can use these instead. Take the two connector halves hanging from the light fixture and place them around the cable. Pinch them together until you hear a snap. Prongs within the connector will pierce the cable and touch the wires inside.

Step 6: Dig a Trench for the Cable

Dig a 6″ trench next to where you laid the cable. Before burying the cable, test the lights to make sure they work. Remember to turn on the power at the circuit breaker. Once the lights are working, you can bury the cable and push the lights into place.

The Essential Guide to Outdoor Lighting

We show you how to create a home lighting plan that compliments your landscape. From tree uplights, to lanterns and everything in between, this guide will teach you to create the perfect ambient outdoor space with the use of outdoor lighting

Carefully selected and designed landscape lighting can create ambiance as well as improve the safety and functionality of your home. Discover how different styles of lighting can serve various purposes; such as spotlights, string lights or fibre optic lighting. In this article we show you what your options are and help you make some important lighting decisions

With so many options to choose from, the selection and design process can be a little daunting. To achieve a better sense of direction in your design, ask yourself the following questions:

What do I want to achieve with my outdoor lighting?

How can I achieve this through layout?

Will I need to consider the placement of a power supply, transformer or cables?

How bright do I need the lights to be?

What type of lighting control will be most convenient?

What styles and materials will suit my landscape?

Outdoor Lightning Plan

When creating an outdoor lighting plan consider what kind of look you want, any surroundings you would like highlighted and what your budget is. Are you wanting lights to illuminate a pathway, a barbeque area or perhaps highlight specific features of your garden? The purpose of your lighting will influence how bright the lights should be as well as whether or not you prefer dimmable lights.

There are a range of lighting options to choose from, depending on your requirements. A focus spotlight is a great choice if you are looking to highlight a garden feature. For more of a decorative and rustic glow, you could opt for solar powered lanterns or string lights. There are a huge variety of outdoor light designs so it’s a good idea to start making a list of preferences.

Electrician Guide to Outdoor Lighting

Poor lighting can ruin the appearance of even the most well maintained property. When a home’s interior is cast in beautiful ambient light, the entire space is brought to life. When it comes to interior design, well-structured lighting is the key to turning a liveable room into a breathtaking room.

The same is true of exterior home environments. We see it all the time—stunning patios, decks, backyards, driveways, and walkways can all be ruined without an appropriate source of light. Whether it is inside or outside the house, a reputable Toronto electrician has the skills and expertise to provide industry-best lighting services.

Outdoor Wall Lighting

Outdoor lighting can be subdivided into several categories. First among them is outdoor wall lighting. Let’s go through some of the many perks that properly installed outdoor wall lights

Automated Light Sensors

Unlike deck lighting, decorative lighting, or landscape lighting, outdoor wall lights are specifically designed to emphasize ambiance and reflection against the wall’s surface. are typically lit via motion sensors. This can really take a load off a homeowner’s mind. For example, the use of motion sensors removes the need to remember to turn the light off or on as desired. Instead, this function is fully automated

Sounds complicated, right? Think again. A qualified Toronto electrician can walk you through the entire automation process. This makes installation and setup a breeze. Simply pick out the light that best fits your wall

Buying Guides – Outdoor Lighting

Outdoor lighting has become popular in recent years, partly because of the great potential of LED technology. Exterior spaces can now be lit cheaply and effectively using a variety of products. This buying guide looks at the aims of outdoor lighting and how they are met to give you an idea of what may be best for you. Alternatively, feel free to browse our extensive outdoor lighting selection.

Ambient or background lighting

This type of lighting is needed for practical purposes, providing enough light for everyday activities such as walking, eating, drinking and socialising. There are several options available:

Small walkover lights installed around the edge of a patio or decking area look good and allow safe footing.

Freestanding fittings such as post or pedestal lights are ideal for creating pools of light. Modern indoor-style floor lamps like the Konstsmide Lucca are a chic form of outdoor lighting.

Floodlights can provide full strength illumination for building exteriors and surrounding areas. They are good for work or security purposes and might suit bustling social settings, but are less useful where intimate mood is the aim.

Wall lights usually create a functional and mood-enhancing background light without being overbearing.

Accent lighting

This type of outdoor lighting highlights statues, plants, trees, water features and signs. Install these lights a short distance from the feature and angle the beam to shine directly on or through it. Suggestions include:

Walkover lights or floodlights used as uplights dramatically highlight features from below.

Wall-mounted spotlights create a pool of light around features.

Staked spotlights like the Robus Marlow are effective in highlighting plants, flowers and ornaments.

Fairy lights are often draped around trellises, shrubs, or trees. Don’t forget festoons if you’re aiming for a party mood!

Business signage can be lit with specially designed sign lights, normally featuring long or curving arms and adjustable heads.

Task lights

Task lights are used to sufficiently light any area where demanding tasks or activities are performed. Usually, the light will be installed above head height in order to provide un-obscured coverage. Examples of task lighting might include:

A wall-mounted spotlight or floodlight is useful for potentially hazardous activities such as barbecue cooking.

Spotlights or floodlights can be positioned in trees for lighting garden amenities such as play areas, barbecues or car parks.

Floodlighting can be used to light outdoor sports areas. A tennis court would be a prime example, which might be well served by a 500W equivalent floodlight. Conversely, a swimming pool is usually lit from within to avoid glare, normally using a PAR lamp

Dusk to dawn sensors

A “dusk to dawn” sensor is another term for a photocell. These are used in some outdoor fittings to automatically trigger overnight lighting, often for security purposes. The light switches off again at daybreak. Their sensitivity can sometimes be adjusted, allowing you to choose exactly how dark it needs to be before the light is activated. The sensor can be overridden in many cases for manual operation, though this should be checked prior to purchase.

Mold Inspection Make The Best Choice

Guide for interpreting reports from inspections/investigations of indoor mold

Inspections and testing of indoor environments for mold growth increased dramatically in the past decade. Allergists can now be presented copies of reports and laboratory data and asked to provide an interpretation, although allergists are seldom trained to review environmental data

There is no single sampling method that is both specific for mold growth and robust enough to reliably detect mold growth. There is no standard method for these inspections or testing and no widely recognized credential for investigators, and therefore reports also vary in quality, objectives, and thoroughness.

Despite these issues, observations from informed inspections coupled with results from qualified analyses of samples that are collected with a useful strategy can usually indicate whether mold growth is present in a building, but the nature of the report should be assessed before any interpretation of the results and data are attempted.

This rostrum discusses objectives of inspections, describes qualifications for investigators, outlines the limitations of various sampling methods applicable to mold and to some degree endotoxin, and provides guidance for data interpretation.

Mold growth occurs in damp buildings, and ample evidence indicates that respiratory complaints are increased among occupants of damp buildings. Regardless of mechanism, the long-established “damp building effect” on respiratory symptoms remains unexplained. Recent studies actually extend the damp building effect beyond triggering symptoms to actually inciting new cases of asthma. If corroborated, this effect will further increase the demand for building inspections and in turn increase the need for allergists to interpret and understand reports of such inspections.

Testing For Mold

prepared this information to explain why it usually does not support mold testing as the first response to indoor air quality concerns and to help people better understand what mold testing can and cannot be expected to do. Mold testing is often not an appropriate or effective way to answer many of the questions that lead people to ask for it.

people seeking mold testing really need a thorough investigation into moisture problems and the damage it can cause – often times this is something they can do on their own.

Limitations of Mold Testing

There are many testing methods that can detect molds. They can be used to find mold particles suspended in air, in settled dust, or growing on surfaces of building materials and furnishings. Some methods can identify a portion of the types of live (viable) molds in a sampled environment, but these may also miss or undercount those are not live or won’t grow well on the nutrients used to incubate the sample

Other methods are better able to characterize the total amount of molds in a sample (including the non-living portion), but not very good for identifying the specific types of molds. Even tests that are done well only give a partial estimate of the amount and types of molds actually collected in a sample or in the sampled environment.

It is vital to appreciate that a test result only gives a “snap-shot” estimate for a single point in time and a single location – how well it represents other locations and times is uncertain since the amounts and types of mold in the environment is always changing. This variability can be especially large for airborne molds, with significant changes occurring over the course of hours or less. Caution must also be used in interpreting surface testing results, since mold growth or deposition may not be uniform over an area and may increase or decrease as time passes

Mold FAQs

Concern about the health effects of exposure to indoor mold has been growing over the past few years. In this fact sheet, we provide answers to the most commonquestions received about indoor mold and health.

Who can test for mold?

Citizens can find individuals or companies that perform mold testing by looking under “Environmental Services” in the Yellow Pages of their telephone book. recommends looking for individuals or companies that employ certified industrial hygienists or persons who work under the supervision of industrial hygienists.

Should I have my home or business tested for mold?

does not recommend testing for mold (see the fact sheet “Indoor Environmental Quality: Testing Should Not Be the First Step”). If mold growth is visible, testing is not needed to identify what type or level of mold is present. Mold testing also is not typically useful in determining what steps to take for cleanup.

What is Stachybotrys?

Stachybotrys is a greenish-black, slimy mold found only on cellulose products (such as wood or paper) that have remained wet for several days or more. Stachybotrys does not grow on concrete, linoleum or tile. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, all molds should be treated the same with respect to potential health risks and removal. Exposure to any mold could cause health effects under the right conditions

What are the health effects of mold exposure?

Many molds can cause adverse health effects. Molds produce allergens, irritants and, sometimes, toxins that may cause adverse reactions in humans. A reaction to mold depends on how much a person is exposed to, the general health and age of a person and the person’s sensitivities or allergies. The same amount of mold may cause health effects in one person, but not in another.

All About Mold

Mold plays a very important role in our lives.  Without mold, we wouldn’t have certain life-saving drugs like penicillin.  We also wouldn’t have cheese. Sometimes, though, mold grows in places it shouldn’t – including inside our homes or workplaces.

This kind of mold needs to be cleaned up so that it doesn’t cause health problems, such as headaches, runny eyes and noses, and coughing; or trigger attacks in kids and adults with asthma. 

if you need more help. 

All About Mold – information on finding mold, cleaning and testing* for mold, and ‘toxic black mold’

Mold & Your Health – information on common health problems caused by mold

Steps for Cleaning Mold – step-by-step clean up instructions for mold in your home 

Mold & Home Owners – addresses some common problems a home owner may face with mold and consumer protection issues

Mold & Renter Disputes – provides step-by-step instructions a renter may follow to address problems with mold in a rental home or apartment.

All About Mold

Molds are a type of fungus that may grow on indoor surfaces, and may look cottony, wooly, smooth, or velvety.  The velvety looking surface is actually thousands of microscopic spores.  These spores can travel through the air, land somewhere else, and grow new colonies if food, water, and warmth are present.

Molds are everywhere.  Most indoor molds come from the outdoors, and are carried inside on our shoes, clothes, through open windows, doors, and mechanical ventilation systems.  Every home, office, and school in the country has some mold inside that was carried in from the outdoor environment.  When there is a moisture problem in a building such as one caused by a flood, water leak, or very high humidity, the small amount of mold naturally found there may start growing.

In some cases, certain sensitive people may begin developing symptoms when exposed to large amounts of mold.  These symptoms may include allergic reactions, asthma episodes, and other respiratory problems.  It is important to remember that not all people are susceptible to mold.

Most mold problems in buildings are not emergencies.  They can be dealt with using fairly easy techniques.  Some resources to help you deal with clean-up are listed below.

Here are some main points to keep in mind when evaluating a mold problem: 

Without water, mold cannot survive. 

All mold growths are potential health hazards and should be removed.

Sampling/testing for mold is expensive and usually not necessary. If you see it, remove it.

The best way to address the mold problem is to:

Find and fix the moisture problem. 

Clean up the mold using safe procedures.

Possible Deal Breakers When Selling Your Accountant Practice

How to: choose the right accountant

If you’ve taken the leap towards an entrepreneurial lifestyle and established your own company, you may have thought about hiring an accountant. Whether you employ someone full-time, or use the services of an existing accountancy practice, choosing your accountant is an important decision for your business.

The right accountant should ensure that you are compliant with Companies House and HMRC, and help you to avoid unwanted fines, penalties, and tax bills in order to help your business grow. However, some businesses grow just fine without an accountant to support, advise and file accounts, so it’s up to you to decide on the best course of action for your business.

So, if you do decide to get an accountant, how do you choose one that will add the most value to your practice, and where do you begin your search? Here are a few steps to help make things easier.

Identify what your business needs

Ask yourself exactly what you need your accountant for, question whether you require them simply to produce your annual accounts, or if you’d prefer that they did everything from payroll to bookkeeping and VAT returns. This is specific to your business circumstances and how much time, energy and money you deem necessary to commit.

Obtain an Engagement Letter

You’ll want to do everything you can to keep your business safe. This doesn’t just mean protecting your business from fraudsters, scammers and cyber threats – you should also be sure to cover yourself in case of disputes with your accountant.

In order to safeguard your business, make sure you’ve got an engagement letter issued by the accountant, and take your time to read through it: it’ll be your reference point for any potential disagreements with your accountant over the level of service required from them, and should ensure you always remain on the same page.

Choose the right accountant for your financial goals

When you’re choosing the right accountant, be clear on your business goals. If you treat these goals as your starting point it’ll be much easier to find the right firm or freelancer to help you. Get used to the idea of equating your cash flow with these goals and make sure you’re able to convey them clearly to the financial professionals you’re speaking with.

This will also help you to understand which services are essential, nice to have and additional. An accountant that offers bespoke packages can often be useful when running your own business. But be open to services you might not have considered, they may help to streamline your overall business plan.

When considering what kind of support to go for, it’s important to think about how often you’ll need to check in with an accountant. What are the touch points you expect throughout the month or year? Be sure to ask about your chosen firm’s availability and any extra costs. If you’re starting a business from scratch, think about what your needs will be a year from now.

Where are they located?

Location used to be more important that it is today thanks to the cloud-based technology that helps manage your accounts in real-time anywhere, anytime. But does this mean location is less of an issue for you and your business?

The decision about this comes down to what suits your company the best. Think, how do you like your finances handled? Would you rather collaborate over email, phone call and online accountancy platforms or would you like to be having a face to face conversation with your accountant to chat everything through? If it is the later, then location is an essential factor for you.

Are they certificated? 

Accountants which are certified or chartered have a greater breath of experience and knowledge which will add value to your business. If you are a business which expects to grow, it is a good idea to hire a professional accountant from the beginning rather than later down the line.

It is possible to hire an accountant who is not certified or chartered however, that could be an unwise move. Tasks such as bookkeeping, tax preparation and general accounts work do not need a certified accountant to be produced however when it comes to growing your company, requesting a loan or auditing your large business a certified accountant is what you need!

What is their expertise? 

When hiring an accountant, you need to choose someone with experience in preparing tax returns and financial documentation of companies that are a similar size and revenue to yours. If you can also find one which has worked with businesses in the same sector as you before then that is a massive bonus as they will have a good understanding of your unique needs.

How will you divide the work? 

When looking for an accountant it is easy to choose them based on the price they are charging however it is also important to consider how they work and which aspects of your bookkeeping you will give them.

Accountants can easily handle every aspect of your bookkeeping and accounting but is this the best approach? I’m not going to lie, accountants charge by the hour so making them do simple data-entry tasks isn’t the best use of their time or your money. So why not take that bit away…looking at it from a positive, it will be of benefit to you to get a better grasp on all your expenses and revenue income and give you a heads-up on any potential problems.

Sound like a lot? This is where cloud-accountancy software can come in as it is easy to use, simplifies key tasks such as invoicing but also allows the accountant to have access to it all the time from a secure server and do why they need to do. 

So now, how do you go about selecting one?

Full time, In-house or outsource

As a small/medium business owner, cost is the key consideration.  You may not need a full time accountant.  There are many accounting firms out there that provide accounting services and this could be just the right solution for you.  However, you need to choose the accounting firm that you can trust with your financial information and someone whom you could work with in the long run.

Relevant experience, certified or chartered accountant

Ensure that your accountant is certified by a professional body, i.e. CPA (Certified Public Accountants) or CA (Chartered Accountants).  It is preferable that the account should also has the relevant experience working in a similar business to yours or at least has experience in in the same sector as yours.  This is to help ensure that your accountants understand your business unique need sand, can set up your company right from the start and able to serve well as the company grows over time.

Be clear on his/her role and responsibilities

As mentioned above, the Accountant has a wide range of responsibilities.  Ensure your accountant has the necessary skill and experience to help you with current and future needs.  Any simple accounting task that can be done in house will reduce accountant costs and will also give the business a better grasp of the company’s financial situation in real time and a heads-up on potential issues.   These include book keeping, payments and collection.

Accounting software, offline or online?

If you decide to engage a third party accountant, your accountant’s software may play part of your selection process.

Would you like your accounts to be accessible online, 24/7?

If yes, then ensure your accountant use cloud accounting platform so that you have access to your accounts anytime you need to.

Can your accounting software be able to export data and information easily to for your accounts to import to their software?

If the 2 systems cannot match or share information it will create a lot of heavy operational and administrative work.

Working with your accountant

You should aim to build a trusted working relationship with your accountant.  Involve him or her in the early stages of any business planning discussions or whenever you may have a significant setback.  An accountant with sectoral expertise is particularly valuable in identifying risks and making recommendations on where your business might improve its margins or secure funding.

In the case of a start-up, a good accountant will spot gaps or incorrect assumptions in your business plan and help you to create different financial scenarios.  He or she can often become a good sounding board when you are considering changes or new developments.

A good accountant should free up your time, by taking over administrative and accounting duties. But you still need to be involved. You need to take the time to review the accounts or documents your accountant provides.  Don’t be shy about asking questions and don’t be put off by accounting jargon.

Your accountant can help you to establish good internal record keeping, enable you to budget, manage your cashflow and meet tax and filing obligations. But you and your employees need to play your part, by ensuring that the records are up to date and that important tax and other deadlines are met.

Your Journey Into Pediatric Dentistry Starts Here

Pediatric Sports Medicine

Concussion Treatment

The following information is from the American Academy of Pediatrics

If your child or teen has an injury or illness that affects sports performance, exercise, or activity, a Pediatric Sports Medicine Specialist has the expertise, experience, and qualifications to treat his or her youth specific problems.

In growing children, injuries and medical problems in the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and joints (ie, musculoskeletal conditions) often are quite different from conditions more commonly seen in older patients. Special training and experience in pediatric sports medicine allows these specialists to appropriately treat the unique sports-related medical needs of children and teens.

Nationally recognized, multidisciplinary team for comprehensive pediatric sports medicine care

When treating young athletes, we consider the whole child. We work with sports psychologists for performance anxiety related issues, speech therapists for breathing related issues and even integrated medicine experts for therapies like massage, acupuncture and yoga. Young athletes who come to UH Rainbow Babies & Children’s have access to an entire network, all working together, to deliver the best sports medicine care possible.

Depending on the patient’s particular needs, the pediatric sports medicine care team may include:

  • Concussion management specialists
  • Neuropsychologists
  • Nutritionists
  • Occupational therapists
  • Orthopaedic nurses
  • Orthopaedic surgeons
  • Orthopaedists
  • Physical therapists
  • Primary care sports medicine physicians
  • Radiologists
  • Sports rehabilitation experts
  • Sleep experts
  • Speech therapists
  • Sports psychologists

Evidence-Based Sports Medicine Treatment from Prevention to Rehabilitation

Every step of our care – from diagnosis through recovery – is rooted in evidence-based medicine. As an academic medical center, we have access to the latest sports medicine research and medical findings. Our patients benefit from new and exciting techniques for a range of care, including injury prevention, treatment and rehabilitation.

As a cohesive team, our physicians, surgeons, therapists, physical trainers and neuropsychologists work with patients, families, coaches, athletic trainers and primary care physicians to provide a complete range of sports medicine services for children and young adults. We work together to guide our patients and their families throughout the entire care journey, including:

  • Diagnosing and treating pediatric sports injuries
  • Educating children and parents on injury prevention
  • Maximizing performance
  • Providing baseline concussion tests
  • Determining when it is safe to return to play
  • Pre-participation physicals and evaluation

Why Do You Need a Pediatrician?

If you love your kids and need to guarantee that they get the most ideal treatment, then pediatric care is an absolute necessity. Pediatricians are specialists who have expertise in taking care of the youngsters with the restorative care they require, from the minute they are conceived, up until the time they get to be grown-ups. The field of pediatrics concentrates on the well-being of children and helping those who experience the adverse effects of health conditions.

The Patients That Pediatricians Treat

A pediatrician will see various types of patients belonging to various age groups. Additionally, they will treat youngsters with extraordinary needs. Many medical professionals, who specialize in treating children, work on their own, whereas different experts will work alongside a bigger team of medical professionals. Such a group may incorporate extra attendants, doctors, advisors, collaborators and a few other medicinal specialists.

The employment role of a pediatrician is far reaching. They do their obligations over and again with the diverse patients they treat. They evaluate their patients and settle on the state of their well being, alongside their improvement and development. These conditions can differ from normal colds and runny noses, to ear diseases and different sorts of ailments. Likewise, they can analyze asthma, diabetes, transferable maladies and other diseases. Moreover, congenital abnormalities can be accurately assessed by a pediatrician, along with developmental issues.

Whilst certain families decide to have every individual from their family visit the same specialist, there are some essential factors to seeing a pediatrician. As opposed to other medical practitioners, their main focus is ensuring the well being of children. They are competent in assessing everything from developing aches, to the latest immunizations. Because of this, if anything is pestering your child and you are not sure about what to do, a pediatrician is the right person to go to.

In the event that you take your kid to see a reliable pediatrician, you are providing them the opportunity to receive a style of medical attention that is specifically tailored for them. Numerous specialists who spend significant time with youngsters understand that most kids won’t like visiting their clinic, especially for an injection. Therefore, there are strategies for conversing with kids about what will happen, why they need to complete it, and the things they should expect once it happens.

Overall, it goes without saying that a pediatrician is definitely necessary for your child. It is up to you to make the wise decision and take your child to see the experts who will take great care of them.

Tips To Consider When Searching For A Move In Cleaning Company

Move In Move Out Cleaning

professional move in/move out cleaning that wipes away your stress during a move. That’s because our comprehensive moving cleaning checklist provides a thorough cleaning for homes and condos so it’s inviting when you move in or for a showing!

A clean home plays an important role in buying and selling. However, homeowners usually live in their home or condo when selling, so things like dog hair, dirty dishes, and mud tracked into the house can be overlooked. Although it doesn’t seem like a big deal, it can significantly hurt your chances of a quick sale, especially if other property owners pay attention to detail

There may also be stipulations in the purchase agreement after the sale to leave a clean unit. Some may say a simple broom clean, but providing  more such as a vacuuming, and leaving the bathroom(s) and kitchen spotless is always best. In some cases, the purchase agreement may go as far as requiring a deep cleaning of the whole condo.

cleaning inside and outside of appliances, and cleaning the cupboards and drawers in the bathroom and kitchen. A vacuum and all cleaning products necessary are included in our moving service.

Move In Cleaning Service

Moving to a new home can be hectic. Instead of breaking a sweat cleaning your new home before you unpack, have the hassle of cleaning done for you! You will appreciate the peace of mind of knowing your new home is thoroughly cleaned top to bottom and free of any mess the previous residents may have left behind.

Does landlord have to clean before the tenant move in?

Does landlord have to clean the tenancy property before I move into the rented property? This is a question most of the tenants may have! We see so many people searching on Google to know if the landlord should have cleaned the flat, house or say the property because a new tenant moves into the place.

Does landlord have to clean before the new tenant move in?

If the flat, house or rental property is renting out to a new tenant the landlord must make sure it’s ready to occupy by the tenant. If the property was rented before the past tenant should have done an after tenancy cleaning and hand over the property well.

The new tenant must then look after the property and keep in cleaned and tidy if free cleaning isn’t included with the tenancy agreement. Unless like some of the properties in Canary Wharf that comes with a weekly cleaning session included, the tenant must clean and maintain a healthy living condition.

Do landlords have to clean between tenants?

It’s the tenant’s responsibility to clean and leave the property, however as the landlord it’s the responsibility to check if the property is clean for the newly moving in tenants. Because the newly moving tenant is only responsible to clean the property when they leave and new moving in must get cleaned property.

The period between new tenancy and after a tenancy period is very is a busy time for a landlord, however, as a landlord, you must arrange your property for the new tenant and welcome them.

Cleaning Tips

Housekeepers are responsible for routine cleaning of public areas, such as hallways, stairwells, common bathrooms, and lounges. The housekeeping staff replenishes consumable items, such as toilet tissue and light bulbs, in these areas as needed. This includes bathrooms and common areas in first-year suite-style housing areas.

In housing areas where cleaning services are provided, limited cleaning equipment (mop, vacuum cleaner, bucket, broom) is available for check-out through Resident Staff, who will keep your ID until the equipment is returned

No housekeeping services are provided to apartments or suites in upperclass housing or graduate housing. If you live in one of these areas, you are expected to keep your room and suite/apartment clean, and it’s a good idea to have cleaning equipment above and beyond the cleaning kit items mentioned above.


The following cleaning instructions are designed for students who have bathrooms or common areas that are not cleaned by housekeeping staff. In those areas, it is the responsibility for students to work together to design a cleaning schedule. The frequency for cleanings mentioned here is a recommended minimum. You may find that you need to clean more frequently than these guidelines suggest.

These instructions are important for the health and well-being of each resident, and also to make sure that facilities are maintained and in working order. We recommend that you clean your spaces on a regular basis. If you have questions or concerns, please talk with your RA or Senior Resident (in undergraduate housing) or Community Assistant (in graduate housing).

Move In Move Out Cleaning

Moving is stressful. Whether you are moving in, or moving out, cleaning your home is the last thing you want to do after all the packing is done. If you are a renter, landlord or a homeowner, you know that cleaning is necessary, but it comes when you are all out of the time, energy and the patience needed to do it well.

Once your home, apartment, or condo is empty, let us take care of cleaning your entire home, including the insides of appliances. We will clean in places you won’t even think of, and we will do it professionally

move in cleaning move out cleaning projects per month, we are the move in cleaning and move out cleaning experts. We will provide and follow our 5 page accountability move in move out cleaning check list, as well as conduct a quality control walk through with you. We can also include electrostatic disinfection spraying services to disinfect the entire property, carpet cleaning, interior and exterior window cleaning or furnace and duct cleaning at the same time. We can save you time and money by combining services

One less thing to worry about

Whether you are moving in or moving out this is a challenging time filled with stress and a lot of change. There are so many other things to do such as packing, organizing, dealing with your real estate broker or landlords. Cleaning is the last thing on your mind and the last thing you want to be doing yourself. We are the move in move out cleaning experts

Save time and money

If you are selling your home you want to make sure that nothing holds up or delays the sale. The last thing you want are more issues during this challenging time. Or to have the new home owners following up and requiring cleaning to be done after the fact. In the case that you are renting you want to ensure that you get your damage or security deposit back. The best way to ensure this is to make sure the house is spotless and clean.


Cleaning your home is a big part of your relocation. Moving out of your old residence to your new home will require a lot of cleaning. To cover all your basis, you should consider hiring professionals to help. On the other hand, you can save money and clean your new home by yourself after your movers unload your boxes.

How to make the post-move clean-up easier on yourself?

Moving is a messy business. When moving into a new residence, you should make sure you get the security deposit back. This part of the move entails that after ending your lease, you should clean the entire residence top to bottom. But the cleaning process doesn’t end there. Post-move clean-up is still waiting for you after you step into your new home. That is why you should prepare in advance for the cleaning marathon.

There is an easy way to help yourself when you have so much work to do. Organize your friends to help you clean during your relocation. If there are friends willing to help you clean, move and transport your belongings, consider making a to-do list. This way you will be able to divide tasks to everyone and make the cleaning process easier.

To make post-move clean-up easy on yourself, consider preparing in advance. Make sure you take care of your belongings before you pack everything. Professionals advise that you wash and iron all of the clothes before you pack them. That way you won’t have additional washing to do while you clean up your new home. You will be able to put your clean clothes into closets after you unpack

Where to start?

You should consider starting your post-move clean-up when long distance movers bring the moving boxes into your new home. In case you arrive at your home before your movers, consider starting the basic cleaning process. This part of the cleaning is simple. You should start cleaning your fridge and freezer. Deep cleaning of your kitchen appliances is important if you are planning to make a basic meal for your family or you need to store food.

How To Take Care Of A Baby Squirrel

Squirrel Control: How To Get Rid of Squirrels

If you own a yard, there’s a large chance that you’ll sooner or later have to deal with Squirrels. Most squirrels are relatively harmless and some are even nice to have around to observe but they can be considered a pest similar to rodents when they begin to get too close to us and our property.

There are many species of squirrels but the most problematic are Tree Squirrels. However, there doesn’t necessarily need to be trees around for squirrels to be present on your yard or garden as there are also Ground Squirrels that commonly rummage around residences as well.

When displaced from their natural habitat in the woods, squirrels go on a hunt for new shelter. If the conditions allow it, squirrels will move into attics, eaves, and soffits of any structure. Once inside a building, they can potentially cause damage to insulation, rafters and electric wires. This is a particularly dangerous hazard as squirrels damaging wiring has been known to be the cause of electrical fires in a home.

Squirrels move very quickly so it may seem that they would be difficult to control, however it is possible when you implement the right techniques and products. If you have Squirrels invading your property, follow our guide below which will show you how to get rid of Squirrels quickly and affordably.

Before you can carry out a treatment approach you need to identify and make sure you’re dealing with Squirrels in your yard and not some other creature. Misidentification can lead to using the wrong treatment methods, costing you time and money. Fortunately, squirrels are very easy to identify. Below you can find the common characteristics of Squirrels.

Squirrels range in size from very small, to medium-sized depending on the species.

Squirrels generally have slender bodies with long bushy tails and large eyes.

Their fur is usually soft and silk. They also vary in color, from brown to grayish depending on the species.

Squirrels can be categorized into three main species: Tree Squirrels, Ground Squirrels, and Flying Squirrels.

Tree squirrels are the most common culprit and like to live in trees but are frequent invaders of wooden structures.

Ground squirrels like to live in the ground, digging underground tunnels to live in.

Flying squirrels are found living inside attics, eaves, and soffits. They are distinct from other squirrels in that they have excess skin that when extended allows them to more easily glide through the air when leaping.

How to Get Rid of Squirrels in the Attic

If you’re hearing the pitter-patter of little rodent feet in your walls, eaves, or attic, it’s time for squirrel removal. Here’s how.

The best way to get rid of squirrels in your house is to seal up all entry points. However, it’s not that simple. You won’t want to seal them up while they’re inside your home, so observe your intruder’s habits to decide when to take action.

Do they go out for food in daylight or at night? Knowing when they’re out tells you the best time to seal up their doorways. Ask your local cooperative extension service for info on the species’ habits in your area.

Make sure shrubs and trees are farther from the house than your particular species of squirrel can leap. About 5 feet deters squirrels from jumping. During daylight, head up to the attic and look for light shining through cracks or holes in home’s exterior. Squirrels come in through holes as small as 2 inches or as big as a baseball. If you can’t access the attic from inside, use binoculars and watch from your lawn chair. Are they going in through siding, soffits, fascia, roof vents, or the foundation?

Seal All But One Entry Point When Squirrels Aren’t Home

Once you know when they come and go, seal up all entry points except the one they’re using most. Some sealing options:

Stainless steel mesh, sheet metal, or aluminum flashing can’t be chewed through.

Use caulk or foam sealant to close up holes. Caulk and foam can be painted over.

How to Get Rid of Squirrels Humanely

Squirrels are agile, populous and live high in treetops, making them a challenge to manage – especially outdoors. By adopting an integrated approach to control and being persistent, you can prevent damage and keep these nuisance animals at bay.

Remove Attractants

Allowing food sources and debris to accumulate in your yard is like inviting squirrels down for a snack. Maintain the cleanliness of your yard to avoid attracting these nearby tree-dwellers.

Rake up fallen berries, nuts, acorns, fruits and birdseed.

Clean up any leftover food, drinks or pet food.

Remove trash and secure garbage bins.

Remove bird feeders, or replace your birdseed with a type that squirrels dislike, like safflower or nyger.

Limit Accessibility

Once a squirrel makes its nest on your property, it’s very difficult to force it to relocate. You can reduce or prevent damage significantly by taking steps to limit a squirrel’s ability to invade your home and/or bird feeders.

Squirrels can leap across a distance of 10 feet; trim any tree limbs that come within this distance of your house or feeders.

Cover nearby electrical or telephone wires with plastic tubing (on which squirrels cannot balance), to limit access to your roof.

Use a chimney guard and close/repair all holes that may lead inside your house.

Switch to squirrel-resistant bird feeders, or add a squirrel baffle to your current feeder.

Identify Squirrel Activity

It’s important to identify the nature and location of your squirrel damage as well as their travel paths, so that you can select the best control method.

Destructive squirrel habits include:

excavating bulbs and seeds

stealing fruits and berries

pilfering bird seed from feeders

gnawing through wood siding

girdling trees

digging small holes in your lawn to collect and hoard food

nesting in your attic


Squirrel behaviour

With its curving, bushy tail, the eastern grey squirrel is easily recognizable—and a frequent sight around our homes. Some specimens may have a black coat, but they belong to the same species: Scurius carolinensis.

In summer, squirrels often build nests of twigs and leaves in the higher branches of trees. Come fall, they gather and hide food for the winter, as they do not hibernate. Squirrels eat a little bit of everything: seeds, nuts, maple keys, bulbs, flowers, fruit, insects, eggs, etc. They spend the winter in spots better protected from inclement weather, most often in the hollows of tree trunks.

Are grey squirrels useful or bothersome?

Eastern grey squirrels contribute to forest regeneration because they bury so many nuts—and then forget to dig them up and eat them.

They are very active and visible in the daytime, bringing our parks and woodlands to life.

Common nuisance behaviours of squirrels include:

Getting into attics and sheds and building their nests there.

Chewing through electric wires, which can result in a fire hazard.

Stealing birdseed and/or destroying bird feeders.

Rummaging through garbage bins.

Digging up and eating seeds, bulbs, flowers and fruit.

Gnawing the bark of various shrubs and chewing on their buds.

Tips for keeping squirrels away from your home

If you have a dog or cat, you can count on it to scare off squirrels. If not, there are a number of actions you can take and repellents that can help.

Keeping squirrels out of your garden and flowerbeds

When you plant bulbs, sprinkle blood meal (available at any gardening centre) into the planting hole.

Spread repellents around plants: Cayenne pepper, human hair, cat or dog hair all work. Re-apply after every rainfall.

Spread hen manure fertilizer in the garden: squirrels hate it!

Choose bulb plants that don’t attract squirrels: narcissus, snowdrops (Galanthus), hyacinth, etc.

Grow aromatic plants (geraniums, mint, rosemary, etc.) around bulbs.

Lay chicken wire above seeds and bulbs, a few centimetres beneath the surface of the soil

How To Get Rid Of Squirrels In The Attic

Signs That You Have Squirrels in Your Attic

You may have a squirrel infestation if you hear rustling, chewing, or scratching sounds coming from the attic. These sounds are prevalent in the evening and morning hours. Another indication is the presence of droppings accompanied by a pungent smell.

If you notice a lot of squirrel activity such as squirrels running along the roof, fences, or utility line, you may have a population of these pests in your house. Other signs to watch out for include insulation damage, holes in the siding, chewed wired, and destruction in the yard.

Seal Any Entry Point

You need to determine how the squirrels got inside your attic for you to get rid of them. Possible entry points include chimneys, plumbing mats, roof edge, and the walls.  Inspect your house for any spaces and gaps.

If you find these holes, you need to seal them up. You can use steel wool, bricks, or caulk to seal these openings. Place a wire mesh on chimney tops and open vents.  It’s recommended to leave one entry point open to allow the squirrels to leave. Once you stop seeing any squirrel activity or hearing their noises, you can seal it for good.

Use a Trap

One of the most effective ways on how to remove squirrels from attic is to trap and remove them. All you need is to find a trap that fits squirrels and place it next to entry points.  Alternatively, you can set the trap against the hole they use to get in and out.

Truck Tires Accidents Caused By Defective Equipment

Truck Tire Blowouts

It is important to use the utmost caution when making your way through traffic, especially if you are driving near an 18-wheeler. If an 18-wheeler’s tire blows out, serious accidents can occur, and in some instances, truck tire blowout accidents can be deadly. Sadly, many tire truck blowout accidents could be prevented by trucking companies and drivers acting safely and ensuring that their trucks are safe to drive.

If you or your loved one was injured in an 18-wheeler tire blowout accident, contact a Des Moines truck accident lawyer at LaMarca Law Group, P.C. Our experienced attorneys are ready to help you understand your legal rights and options in this situation, so contact us today by calling (515) 225-2600.

Causes of Truck Tire Blowouts

The following are the three most common causes of 18-wheeler tire blowout accidents:

  • Tire recaps – In order to save money, truck drivers may try to repair tires instead of replacing them.
  • High mileage – Truck companies are responsible for ensuring that worn down tires are replaced.
  • Mismatched tires – Failure to ensure that the right type and size of tire is put on an 18-wheeler can cause a blowout.

Why Are Tire Blowouts Dangerous?

The most obvious reason is that it creates instability in the vehicle. Though truck drivers are trained how to recover from a tire blowout, the impact of tire blowouts is often unpredictable. A perfectly trained driver can still easily lose control of his vehicle after a vehicle. The second reason truck blowouts are so dangerous is because they’re typically unexpected and abrupt. Many driving hazards can be identified prior to the hazard being a huge safety risk.

For example, if a truck driver is driving defensively, he may notice that traffic has halted to a stop ahead. This early identification of the hazard allows the driver to began to brake with plenty of time to stop. On the other hand, most blowups aren’t predictable. Therefore, a driver will be driving along the roadway when “BOOM!” The driver has been thrust into an immediate perilous situation and must adapt on the fly.

Here are 4 of the most common causes of truck tire blowouts:

1. Improper Maintenance

An overinflated tire can cause the tread to wear down fast in the center of the tire whereas an under-inflated tire causes the tread to wear down quickly on the sides.  Both reduce the lifespan of the tire considerably faster than if the tire was inflated properly.  Either air imbalance makes the tire more susceptible to blowouts.  It is important to have tires properly inflated. 

2. Overloaded Trailer

An overloaded trailer can cause excessive wear and tear on tires and brakes, causing them to fail without warning.  A loaded trailer can weigh up to 80,000 pounds, and so it is crucial to have properly inflated tires that have minimal wear and good treads.

3. Roadway Hazards

If a tire were to hit a pothole or some roadway debris, the integrity of the tire would be damaged.  The impact between the tire and the roadway hazard can cause the tire’s internals to be pinched, and, if hit hard enough, the rubber and fabric to be cut through completely.

4. Unnoticed Small Tire Leaks

Sometimes, a seemingly small tire leak can lead to a dangerous blowout. The slow release of air slowly weakens the tire until it inevitably and suddenly fails.

Although preventing tire blowouts is not always possible, the chances of them occurring can be reduced if tire maintenance is up kept. Checking on tire conditions often makes it more likely problems could be caught early. It is important for every truck driver to include a detailed review of the truck’s tire conditions as part of the pre-trip inspection.

Signs of Your Tires Need Repair / Replacement:

  • Low Tire Tread – Tire tread is incredibly important when it comes to the safety of your truck. The little grooves help provide traction for your vehicle and prevents unnecessary slipping and sliding. If you have low tire tread, often from wear, it’s important to get the tires replaced.
  • Tire Warning Light – Of course, if you see the tire warning light, it means something is wrong with your tire. Usually when this light turns on, it means you have low tire pressure. While most vehicles are fixed with adding more air, some cases prove more complicated. Low tire pressure can indicate larger issues.
  • Cracked Tires – Cracks in tires are definitely a sign that your tire needs repair or replacement. Cracks in tires can indicate tire leaks or signal a future blowout. These should be checked immediately to prevent serious accidents or other dangers.
  • Tire Vibration – Cars naturally vibrate when they are in motion. If your car is vibrating more than usual or it just feels “off,” it’s time to get your vehicle professionally checked. Tire vibrations can mean problems with your alignment, damaged suspension, and more.

Tire Repair Vs. Tire Replacement – What To Know

Not all mishaps to tires can be repaired. Whether or not you can repair your tire depends on the type of tire and what exactly happened to the tire. Read below to find out if your tire can be fixed or needs to be replaced.

1. A sidewall puncture needs to be replaced – Even if we can patch it up, the patch will come loose after enough time. Weaknesses in the sidewall will face incredible amounts of pressure so this tire needs to be replaced.

2. A shoulder puncture cannot be repaired – The shoulder of the tire connects the side of the tire with the flat portion, and punctures here face the most pressure, so any patch or plug will come undone under the extreme forces of the road.

3. A tire that has been driven on while flat or low air pressure – If you’ve driven on your questionable tire at all, then it’s very unlikely that you’ll be able to get it fixed. Still, try visiting our Santa Clarita tire repair specialists, but the chances are you’ve caused damage beyond repair.

4. A puncture on the flat part of the tire that’s less than 1/4″ in diameter – These punctures can be fixed so long as they’re not within 2 inches of the shoulder.

Bathroom Remodeling Tips

The Ultimate Guide to Bathroom Sinks: Which Type Is Right for You?

There are many styles of bathroom sinks, and each has its particular pros and cons—including its price. Since this seemingly simple fixture can have such a big impact on how a bathroom functions and looks, you may be wondering: What’s the best basin for our home?

That depends, of course, on your sense of style, budget, how many toiletries you like to stash on your counter, and plenty of other factors. “There are a large number of sinks that can be used in the bathroom, and in many cases, it’s just a question of aesthetics,”

Pedestal sinks

A pedestal sink consists of a wall-hung basin with a pedestal that covers the plumbing.

Cost: $50 to $600

Pros: This is the most common type of bathroom sink, which means that they are easy to find

Cons: Pedestal sinks have a small lip, which limits the room you have for setting out things like soap or toothbrush holders

Wall-mount sinks

Wall-mount sinks feature a basin that is hung from the wall at a location and height that you choose. The pipes are partially concealed behind the wall.

Cost: Sinks start at around $60 (the model below is $75 from American Standard and available at Home Depot) and can go up to $700 or so.

Pros: These can be very small or fairly large. And they are good from the standpoint of those who want to take into account universal design or to age in place, because a wheelchair can roll under them, says Walsh.

Cons: Wall-mount sinks have a flat horizontal steel hanger bracket that’s bolted to the wall with the sink fixture hung on the bracket. Because of this design, a gap can open between the sink and the wall if not installed correctly. “And you won’t have a lot of storage or counter space,”

Countertop sinks

These sinks, also called drop-ins and self-rimming sinks, fit into a variety of countertops. Thanks to their self-rimming nature, they’re the simplest type to install. “Countertop sinks are the style most commonly found in high-traffic family bathrooms,”

Cost: Starts at $100 and can go up to $1,000.

Pros: These come in a variety of materials from slumped glass to cultured marble. They are also easy to clean and install because it’s all one component.

Cons: If the sink doesn’t come with an overflow drain, it will end up requiring a grid drain (one that can’t close) in some states.

What’s the Best Bathtub or Shower for Your Bathroom Remodel? How to Pick

One of the most exciting phases of a bathroom remodel is picking out the perfect bathtub or shower. Choosing the right wet features for a bathroom warrants a hard look at all your options. After all, this is how you can turn a necessary room into a spalike retreat

But you probably already know that you have a lot of options to consider—and that it risks getting just a tad overwhelming in addition to figuring out your budget. That’s why, in this latest installment of our “Dream Bathroom Remodeling Guide,” we take you through the best ways to choose a bath, shower, and other wet features for your new bathroom.

Main wet feature considerations

Budget: Before you get your heart set on that Japanese wooden soaking tub, confirm how much cash you have on hand. Generally, you should expect to allocate between 10% and 15% of your total bathroom renovation budget to wet features. Just remember, you can’t take wet features with you when you move, so proceed with caution.

Space: How much space do you have, and what’s your ability to manipulate that space via plumbing? “If you currently only have a walk-in shower but you want a tub, square one is figuring out if you have room to add it,”

Bathing habits: Some people like the look of a walk-in shower, but really love a good soak in the tub. “Alternately, some people haven’t used the tub since their kids were little,”

The Ultimate Guide to Choosing the Best Bathroom Tile for Your Walls, Floors, and More

Types of tile: Pros, cons, and price

Let’s talk about tile choices. “The first thing you need to understand is that all bathroom tile is going to get wet, due to moisture and water vapor,”

That means that every single piece of tile in the entire bathroom—yes, even walls far from a shower or sink—should be able to withstand water. So you want a nonporous tile in the bathroom whenever possible. Porcelain, ceramic, and glass tiles are nonporous and hold up well; meanwhile, marble and many natural stones are porous and should be avoided.

Porcelain tile

Cost: About $2 to $15 per square foot.

Pros: This low-maintenance tile is ideal for both bathroom floors and walls, because the surface absorbs little moisture. That means it also resists stains. In addition, only soap and water are needed to maintain it.

Cons: The one big downside of porcelain is that it’s a pain to install. The material is very dense, which makes precise cuts harder and means that the installation takes longer to complete. This type of tile also requires a fair amount of grout, which can easily get dirty if it isn’t sealed properly.

Ceramic tile

Cost: About $3 to $30 per square foot.

Pros: Ceramic tile not only comes in classic white subway tile but offers a range of colors and patterns that give remodelers a lot of possibilities to choose from. It is exceptionally durable, and examples of ceramic tile have survived intact for thousands of years. It is often used on shower walls.

Cons: Ceramic is softer than porcelain, so it’s not a good option for high-traffic bathroom floors. And when ceramic chips, the color underneath is different from the shade on top, which makes the breakage more noticeable (porcelain is the same color throughout). The tile is also not as water-resistant as porcelain.


Cost: $1 to $18 per square foot.

Pros: The biggest advantage of stone tiles is their uniqueness and beauty. These eco-friendly tiles are also not as slippery as porcelain and ceramic tile, and their durability makes them a good choice for showers.

Cons: Acid like vinegar can stain or damage natural stone, so you have to be very careful when cleaning it. And because the stone occurs naturally rather than being fired in a kiln, it can have small natural cracks that get larger over time. Just make sure to seal the tile to make it water-resistant. “Never use natural stone in a steam shower, and try to keep green marbles out of the bathroom, as they have a tendency to get flaky around water,”

Crucial Plumbing Facts That Could Make or Break Your Bathroom Remodel

Planning to remodel your bathroom into the oasis of your dreams? Then you’d better get a handle on your plumbing. Even if you don’t see the pipes connected to your sink or shower, understanding how they work is essential if you want your bathroom renovation to turn out all right (and within budget).

Bathroom remodel 101: Types of pipes

In the past, most bathroom plumbing pipes were made of cast iron or galvanized metal. However, these pipes won’t work with many of the newfangled, water-saving setups like, say, low-flow toilets. Low-flow toilets will save about 17,000 gallons of water yearly. (Note: Flushing a standard toilet uses about 38% of an average household’s water.) The catch is, they require PVC (polyvinyl chloride) or PEX (cross-linked polyethylene) pipes. But updating to these kinds of pipes is both easy and affordable.

You also need to figure out if you prefer hidden or exposed plumbing when you’re looking to buy your sink, tub, or toilet.

If you have a lot of visible plumbing, you might want to use copper pipes instead of PVC or PEX, because copper is more appealing aesthetically. Just keep in mind that it’s more expensive and difficult to work with, since sawing and fitting these pipes into place will take more work than cutting soft, flexible PEX/PVC.

Plumbing can affect a bathroom’s layout

The existing water and drain lines in your bathroom usually dictate the location of fixtures in your renovation. You can move pipes and drains—although it’ll cost you—but some relocations might be impossible.

How to Hire a Bathroom Contractor Who’ll Design a Dream, Not a Nightmare

Is it time to turn your en suite bathroom into a personal oasis? Before you start poring over which tiles or slipper tub to install, know that the far more crucial choice is to find the right contractor for the job.

How to find a good bathroom contractor

Sure, ask your friends and neighbors who’ve redone their bathroom for recommendations. But that should just be the start. You’ll want to go online to conduct a broad search for contractors in your area, particularly those who specialize in bathrooms. While any contractor can technically work in any room of the home, it’s best to hire someone with specific bathroom experience. Sometimes it’s essential.

If you are only replacing fixtures that you can pick out, look for a contractor who can simply execute your plans, which will save you money. If you want a complete reimagination, then consider hiring a contractor who can also help you with design.

Questions to ask a bathroom contractor

To get a snapshot of the contractor’s business practices, interview all your potential hires before a meeting. Ask if they have experience with bathrooms similar to yours. Because if you have an older home with tricky plumbing, you likely want a contractor who can roll with quirks. Ditto if you live in a brand-new condo with high-pressure plumbing.

Finally, ask how often the contractor will communicate with you. If he has a lot of other projects that keeps him away, who will realize if, for example, the wrong cabinets were delivered? That may seem like a small thing, but there’s a six-week lead time for cabinets, so mistakes can have a massive impact.

The Remote Viewing Electronic Leak Detection

Common Causes of Water Leaks

Water leaks can cause extreme damage to your home. Some of the most common causes for leaks include:

SHIFTING PIPES – If your home is settling, or if your area has recently experienced an earthquake, you may be more prone to water leaks. As your pipes shift they can break and deteriorate, causing ruptures or leaks.

CLOGGED DRAINS – One of the most common causes for water leaks are clogged drains. Clogged drains are caused by the buildup of grease, oil, food and other sediment. Non water-soluble items such as diaper and excess amount of paper towel can also cause clogs.

ROOT SYSTEMS TAKING HOLD – Roots have the ability to break through your pipes into your water system. These types of leaks are often more difficult to fix and notice.

Methods of Detection

methods to detect water leaks in your home. The methods are:

METER DETECTION – As one of the less invasive methods, we are able to test the water pressure in your pipes and compare it to a healthy pipe. This allows us to determine if there is a leak, and where the leak is located.

INFRARED TECHNOLOGY – This is the most modern method of leak detection. It involves using an infrared camera to take pictures of the pipes at different angles to detect the clog.

DIG AND DRILL – This method is the most invasive option, but is still quite effective. It involves digging into your pipes or walls to detect the leak.

Tips and Prevention

Try some of these tips to prevent any future water leaks from occurring:

Insulate pipes that could be exposed to cold temperatures.

Remove outside hoses during colder months.

Keep your pipes in good condition by not using them for alternative reasons, such as a place to hang your clothes.

Inspect your pipes often for small leaks and get them repaired immediately.

Leak Detection and Repair

Helping You Stop Hidden Water Leaks

When you are invested in taking care of your home or commercial space and making sure that everything stays in good order, you are likely most concerned about the things that you can see. You may know how to take care of drips and standing water, but what happens when the problem is not only beneath you but also encased in cement? A slab leak is an example of just such a scenario.

What Is a Slab Leak?

A slab leak is essentially a leak that occurs inside the concrete building slab that is the foundation of your home. This type of leak is fairly common. Sewer, water, and gas pipes run underneath every home, and these metal pipes are prone to corrosion. Tiny pinholes can cause nearly undetectable leaks while a settling foundation, soil movement, or even an earthquake can trigger a leaking pipe. Any home over 25 years old is especially susceptible. In any case, this is something that needs immediate attention from a professional.

Signs that You May Have Slab Leaks

Slab leaks manifest themselves with water pushing up through the floor in your home or through the ground near the home’s concrete slab outside. However, they can go undetected for quite some time, delaying critical basement leak repair. Depending on the location of the leaking pipe, the water might not show up for weeks or months after it starts.

You won’t find a slab leak unless you look for it, but there are warning signs to look for, which include:

Moisture or pooling on your carpets, flooring, or yard

Very high water bill, which indicates water loss

Frequent stoppage or backup of toilets, tubs, and showers

Cracks in your foundation

Mold and mildew growth

Warm areas on the floor

Sudden loss of water pressure

Hearing hissing or running water

Unexplainably damp areas

Do You Suspect a Hidden Leak in Your Home?

There are various methods of slab leak repair, but rest assured will find the right one for you. work is fully guaranteed, and know how important it is for you to have your home in working order. Too many plumbing services will waste your time and money.

Leak Detection

Plumbing leaks can be devastating. Leaks can cause everything from damage to your home’s structure to buckling in your foundation to mold growth in places that you can’t see or get to. When it comes to finding leaks

Even small plumbing leaks can result in severe consequences, but thankfully, it’s possible to outsmart hidden leaks and find them before they can really wreak havoc on your home.

Do You Have a Plumbing Leak?

can come directly to your home and perform a thorough plumbing inspection to determine the location of any leaks you may have. However, how can you tell that you might have a leak that needs to be professionally addressed? There are a few things that you can look out for to help you discover a leak on your own.

You May Be Experiencing A Leak If:

You notice cracks in your walls or your floors

Certain areas of your floor are hot

You can hear the sound of water running when none of your water fixtures are on

Mildew or excessive moisture appears under your carpets

Steps You Can Take to Prevent Further Damage

If you notice a leak, there are a few measures you should take while you wait for our leak detection and plumbing repair team to arrive. First, locate your master water supply, usually located in your garage or somewhere near the front of your home, and shut it off by turning it clockwise. This prevents further damage to your property and stops water waste.

What Is a Slab Leak?

Possibly the most damaging type of leak is one that develops in your home or business’ foundation, commonly referred to as a “slab leak.” Slab leaks can develop over time as buildings settle and shift on their foundations, placing pressure on plumbing lines running through the concrete slabs. If left undetected and unrepaired, a slab leak can cause significant structural damage and even cause a building’s foundation to crumble. As such, it is imperative to catch a slab leak early on to protect your property from potentially catastrophic damage.

Leak detection

What is a leak detection system?

CPLD detection systems are used to determine if and where a leak has occurred. Using hydrostatic testing, infrared and laser technology, Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), video pipe crawling and concrete scanning, if there’s a line break, leak detection systems will find it.

As a full service plumbing, advanced leak detection specialists and slab leak repair company, CPLD is with you every step of the way. From the moment start to assess your water leak, through working with your insurance company, to cleaning up the water damage, will be there.

What are the types of leak detection?

Simply put, a leak is any opening in a closed system. Air Conditioning systems, water pipe systems, sprinklers are all closed systems. When a break occurs damage can be substantial. With the latest technology and equipment, CPL Detection specializes in finding those leaks before they cause more damage.

Video Camera Pipe Inspection

CPLD uses video camera equipment to successfully detect in-line drain and sewer problems. This is often an infrared camera placed into a line at a toilet drain, existing cleanout or roof vent. Using a video camera pipe inspection, they can identify a small problem so it can be corrected before sewer repair services are necessary.

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR)

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a method that uses radar pulse to figure out the subsurface.  This non-destructive method uses high frequency electromagnetic waves detected by radar. Unlike other locators, ground penetrating radar can display images in real time of exact locating and depth of up to 12 feet.  This determines any electrical conduits, rebar pattern and its quality, post-tensioned cables, measure slab thickness, width and depth of voids, PVC conduits, and cooling/heating lines. radar equipment that allows CPLD to locate buried objects easily.

Water Leak Detection

Wasted Water. Wasted Money.

Sometimes we don’t take water leaks very seriously. A faucet is dripping? “It can wait.” A few drops around your water heater?  “Probably nothing.” Well, all water leaks are “something” and bound to become bigger somethings unless taken care of right away.

do much more than repair or replace leaking pipes. related services include:

Electronic water leak detection so we can locate unseen water leaks…these tend to cause the most damage as they can go undetected for quite some time

Slab leak detection…if you have a carpet over a concrete slab and the carpet has a wet spot or feels wet to the touch, no doubt you have a slab leak

Sewer and drain camera detection…using state-of-the-art cameras, can locate the source and extent of drain clog or leak, both above and below ground

Water Leak Inspection | Electronic Leak Detection

investment in cutting edge technology helps save you money. That’s right: faster and more accurate detection saves time, money, and prevents unnecessary digging. Plus, early detection and repair means less damage to walls, ceilings, valuable possessions and more.

Finally, let’s not forget how much water you can save through early detection and repair. Consider the following. If your faucet dripped once every second every day, all day, it would take only four and a half hours to reach one gallon

The Advantages Of A Flat Roof Extension For Your Home

How often should a flat roof be coated?

Even more so than other roofs, flat roofs require maintenance in order to last. This maintenance typically comes in the form of coating the flat roof. A lifespan of an un-coated flat roof is around 10 years but coating it every five years or so can extend this enormously. Coating a flat roof can also save money on costly repairs down the line. How often you need to coat your roof, and which coating is the best, depends on a few factors.

How Can You Tell Your Flat Roof Needs Coating?

Flat roofs are not usually actually flat, but instead have a very slight slope. Because of this, the main issue which affects flat roofs is drainage issues. It’s far better to coat the roof as a pre-emptive measure rather than wait for drainage issues such as ponding or leaks and then attempt to correct them. Ponding can also lead to fine cracks in PVC called crazing. Any signs of structural damage are a sure sign your roof needs coating. However, even if you do not have signs of damage and it has been five or more years since your roof was last coated, it’s still worth coating your flat roof.

How to coat your flat roof

The first step towards coating your roof is to thoroughly clean it. There is no way to ensure a coating properly adheres unless your roof is thoroughly clean.

It can also be a good idea to use a primer on your roof before painting. Primers will help coating thoroughly adhere. Conversely to what you may think, coatings tend to adhere better to rougher surfaces. Check with your coating manufacturer for primer recommendations.

You can paint on your silver coat roof seal yourself. However, if there are underlying issues such a leaks or ponding, it may be better to use a contractor for a more thorough job. If you do undertake the task, remember to take adequate safety precautions. Make sure your ladders are stable and in good condition, and never work in adverse weather conditions.

The Lifespan of a Flat Roof

A flat roof left unmaintained will typically last about 10 years. It’s a good idea to plan for a new coating every five years to ensure its integrity and continued performance. If your flat roof is less than five years old but you’ve noticed the presence of cracks or pooling water, then you’ll want to go ahead and have it coated. Those cracks and pooling water can lead to more extensive damage, the repairs of which may cost far more than a new coating. And, if your flat roof is more than a decade old, even if there are no cracks or pooling water, do your house or commercial building a favor and have it coated.

How to Find Out if Flat Roof Needs Coating

It is important to know that a flat roof is not flat. The term is common due to the slight slope in the roof structure. This is one reason why flat roofs soften face drainage issues.  That is why many roofing experts advise coating your roofs as a preventive measure to keep drainage problems such as leaks at bay instead of correcting them.

Know that severe leaks may lead to cracks in the roof, commonly called crazing.  If your roof shows structural damages, it is an indication that it needs coating.  Even if your roof does not show signs of physical damage but has been more than six years since its last coating, it is worth coating it.

When to Coat a Flat Roof

The main reason to recoat a flat roof is for water protection. If ponding does occur, the roof can leak and cause more damage inside. It’s worth resealing the roof every five years or so to avoid water damage. However, the following factors may often influence the frequency of roof coating:

Roof Style

For flat roofs, regular roof sealing is absolutely crucial since they are at high risk of ponding. So, the surface has to be perfectly waterproof to prevent leakage of water into your building. Even the smallest of leaks should be dealt with promptly to prevent any water damage. Typically, a flat roof left unsealed can have its lifespan reduced by up to 50 percent. Sloped roofs, on the other hand, do not need sealing as often since water can run off more efficiently and is less likely to pool.